Data integrity implies that the data on a physical package corresponds exactly to its digital mirror image stored in the information system database. It is critical when implementing aggregation. This means that the serialised data must be unequivocally accurate.
Packaging, repacking and exception management operations, which occur at many points of the supply chain, can be performed efficiently in a user-friendly manner. They make the movement and handling of products more visible, thus helping to build the history or pedigree of individual items.